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Titre: Phonetics and phonology of standard Englishes in the British isles, USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa

Domaine: Lettres et Langues Etrangères (LLE)

Filière: Langues anglo-saxonnes

Option: Linguistics and Phonetics

Auteur: GHLAMALLAH N. R.

Soutenu (e) le: 03/07/2007

Sous la direction de: Mohamed DEKKAK, Professeur, Université d'Oran

Le président du jury : Ali BOUAMRANE, Professur, Université d'Oran

Examinateur1: Rachid BENALI, Université d'ORAN

Examinateur2: Abbes BAHOUS, Maitre de conférences, Université d'Oran

Résumé:

Many linguists view language as a complex social phenomenon, we will see, however, that such a notion as Standard English is not less complex. The first chapter attempts to reveal the hardships and complexity in defining what Standard English means. Moreover, we will try to draw particular attention to the diverse social contexts in which English RP is used, to language change, and to the world language it has become. In the second chapter, we discuss the phonetics and phonology of Standard Englishes and point out the relationships, the similarities, and differences. For reasons of simplicity and economic presentation, we have deliberately limited the study to only few Standard Englishes: those of British Isles English, American English, Canadian English, Australian English, New Zealand English, and South African English. 4 That chapter also tries to answer the question as to whether English is one language with all its geographical and social varieties or a bundle of multifarious Englishes deserving recognition as autonomous varieties of the language. Watching English channels or consulting an English pronouncing dictionary reveals the presence of more than one English variety and enhances, therefore, the importance of explaining the use of any one particular accent. The third chapter is concerned with the cultural attributes that subsist into the English phonological level and to the problems of the acquisition of Standard Englishes in Algeria. With the existence of different standards, we put forward few educational proposals to meet the English linguistic situation in Algeria. All phonemic and phonetic transcriptions are taken from Daniel Jones’ English Pronouncing Dictionary (2003) and are, therefore, not written according to the I.P.A. but according to Gimson’s phonetic alphabet. Furthermore, all the statistics of population in the English-speaking countries are taken from Encyclopaedia Britannica (2005).


Mots clefs: Phonetics; English; Language Change; Language Maintenance; RP Evolution; Phonology; Spelling; I.P.A; Ownership; Learning.