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Titre: The Struggle for the English Working Classes' Rights between 1800 and 1850

Domaine: Lettres et Langues Etrangères (LLE)

Filière: Langues anglo-saxonnes

Option: British Civilisation


Soutenu (e) le: 01/07/2007

Sous la direction de: F. BORSALI, Professeur, Université d'Oran


The present work tries to analyse the reaction of the working classes in this paradoxical situation. It is an attempt to explore the causes of such a deplorable situation and to examine the answers of the working classes to the ‘English Question’. During the second phase of the Industrial Revolution, workers tried to react in relatively united and organised movements to the issues that concerned them. For this purpose, they tried to form associations of economic character such as trade unions for the sake of ameliorating their bad working conditions. Another response was their involvement in political and social actions. The analysis of the working-class activities in the light of the changing national parameters is by no means a mere descriptive one or a simple narration of historical happenings. Contradictory opinions are discussed in this research work in quest of understanding the behaviour of the backbone of the industrializing process, the working classes.

Mots clefs: Working conditions; Working Classes; Social violence; Owenism; Chartism; Anti-Poor Law Movement; Reform; Luddism; Industrial Revolution; Agricultural Revolution.